THE FRANCE AND GERMANY STAR
Obverse: A six pointed star, in the centre of which is the Royal Cypher surmounted by a crown superimposed on a circlet that bears the words “THE FRANCE AND GERMANY STAR”.
Size: 38mm across and 50mm from the bottom point of the star to the top of the eyelet.
Ribbon: 32mm wide. The colours of the ribbon are blue, white, red, white, blue in equal width stripes which are symbolical of the Union Flag and those of France and the Netherlands.
Suspension: The ribbon passes through a ring which in turn passes through an eyelet formed in the uppermost point of the star.
The clasp issued was “ATLANTIC”.
This bronze star was awarded for service in France, Belgium, Holland or Germany between “D” Day and the German surrender – that is for the period 6th June, 1944, to 8th May, 1945.
For details of the qualifications for the award, refer to the Regulations below.
GENERAL REMARKS CONCERNING THE 1939-45 CAMPAIGN STARS
(1) Service in ships making occasional visits to the scenes of operations for refueling would not necessarily be a qualification.
(2) The expression “entry into operational service” in the case of The Atlantic Star and The Air Crew Europe Star was subject to the qualification that six or two months’ operational service, as applicable, must have already been rendered. For awards to the Navy and the Merchant Navy of The Pacific Star, The Burma Star and The Italy Star, a similar prior time qualification of six months also applied. There were, however, certain exceptions to these rules that have been enumerated in the applicable texts.
(3) A recipient of The 1939-45 Star who qualified for it by less than the six or two months’ service respectively, had to complete the requisite period before he could begin to qualify for The Atlantic Star or The Air Crew Europe Star respectively. In the case of the Navy and Merchant Navy, the applicable qualifying period had to be completed before they could begin to qualify for The Pacific Star, The Burma Star or The Italy Star.
(4) For The Atlantic Star or The Air Crew Europe Star in the Armed Forces or Merchant Navy, or for The Pacific Star, The Burma Star or The Italy Star in the Navy or Merchant Navy, operational service for a lesser period than six or two months as the case may be, which was brought to an end by death, wounds or other disability due to service, or, alternatively, the grant for service in operations of an Honour, Decoration, Mention in Dispatches, King’s Commendation for Brave Conduct or King’s Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air, was a qualification for award, without regard for the prior service requirement. The restrictions concerning the alternative awards of stars still applied.
(5) Time spent as a prisoner of war would count towards The 1939-45 Star, but it would not count towards earning any of the other stars unless the full qualifying period of The 1939-45 Star had been completed before capture. If, however, the candidate had completed his requisite qualifying period for The 1939-45 Star and was captured during the period he was qualifying for one of the other stars, then the period spent in captivity would count. In the case of the Merchant Navy, at least one voyage must have been completed in the necessary qualifying area since the completion of the service necessary to qualify for The 1939-45 Star.
(6) Service spent in qualifying for one star could not run concurrently with service qualifying for another, except that an individual who had completed the six or two months’ operational service required for the award of The 1939-45 Star was not required to complete this period of qualifying period a second time in order to begin to qualify for another star. A similar arrangement applied to the prior service qualification for awards in the Navy and Merchant Navy of The Pacific Star, The Burma Star and The Italy Star. An exception was made to this rule in the case of the Merchant Navy as regards to The Atlantic Star that is mentioned in the text referring to it.
(7) No individual was awarded more than one clasp to any one star.
(8) The 1939-45 Star and The Africa Star were awarded to crews of transport aircraft that flew over certain specified routes. The same remarks apply to crews of the Royal Air Force Transport Command that did similar duties.
(9) Personnel of the Navy and Merchant Navy who were on operational service in the Italian theatre on 8th May, 1945, or during the six months immediately preceding it, were granted The Italy Star by virtue of entry into a theatre of operations, and the prior six months’ service requirement did not apply. A similar waiving of the prior service requirement extended to The Atlantic Star. The actual requirement for The Atlantic Star was thus reduced in that period until it consisted merely of entry into operational service.
(10) Personnel of the Navy and Merchant Navy who were on operational service on 2nd September, 1945, in the Pacific or Burma theatres, received The Pacific Star or The Burma Star, as the case might be, by virtue of entry into a theatre of operations, and the prior six months’ service requirement did not apply. In such cases only one star was awarded for service at sea during the last six months in the Atlantic, Italy, Pacific and Burma areas. The star awarded was the one appropriate to the last area in which service was rendered. The 1939-45 Star was not awarded in cases where the operational service amounted to less than the necessary six months.
(11) Civilians who performed not less than twenty eight days’ operational service, (a) under the Council of Voluntary War Work, (b) as recognised Press Correspondents in an operational command, (c) as members of a civil air transport crew which flew over certain specified areas, or (d) officers who performed meteorological work, R.A.F. education, or works service, in uniform, in the area of Army operational commands were eligible for the Campaign Stars and The War Medal 1939-45.
(12) As the period of a month will often be mentioned in connection with the 1939-45 awards, it is as well to call attention to the official duration of such a period. A month is thirty days; two months are sixty days; four months are one hundred and twenty days; six months are one hundred and eighty days. The difference between these periods and the corresponding calendar ones should be noted.
(13) Unlike most other medals and campaign stars, those awarded for the Second World War did not have the name of the recipient recorded on them.
Regulations For This Award: View Regulations (PDF document)